Migrating from v1 to v2

This doc guides you through migrating an existing Docusaurus 1 site to Docusaurus 2.

Note: This migration guide is targeted at Docusaurus users without translation and/or versioning features and assumes the following structure:

├── docs
└── website
├── blog
├── core
│ └── Footer.js
├── package.json
├── pages
├── sidebars.json
├── siteConfig.js
└── static

Update package.json

Scoped package names

In Docusaurus 2, we use scoped package names:

  • docusaurus -> @docusaurus/core

This provides a clear distinction between Docusaurus' official packages and community maintained packages. In another words, all Docusaurus' official packages are namespaced under @docusaurus/.

Meanwhile, the default doc site functionalities provided by Docusaurus 1 are now provided by @docusaurus/preset-classic. Therefore, we need to add this dependency as well:

// package.json
{
dependencies: {
- "docusaurus": "^1.x.x",
+ "@docusaurus/core": "^2.0.0-alpha.36",
+ "@docusaurus/preset-classic": "^2.0.0-alpha.36",
}
}

CLI commands

Meanwhile, CLI commands are renamed to docusaurus <command> (instead of docusaurus-command).

The "scripts" section of your package.json should be updated as follows:

{
"scripts": {
"start": "docusaurus start",
"build": "docusaurus build",
"swizzle": "docusaurus swizzle",
"deploy": "docusaurus deploy"
...
}
}

A typical Docusaurus 2 package.json may look like this:

{
"scripts": {
"start": "docusaurus start",
"build": "docusaurus build",
"swizzle": "docusaurus swizzle",
"deploy": "docusaurus deploy"
},
"dependencies": {
"@docusaurus/core": "^2.0.0-alpha.36",
"@docusaurus/preset-classic": "^2.0.0-alpha.36",
"classnames": "^2.2.6",
"react": "^16.10.2",
"react-dom": "^16.10.2"
},
"browserslist": {
"production": [">0.2%", "not dead", "not op_mini all"],
"development": [
"last 1 chrome version",
"last 1 firefox version",
"last 1 safari version"
]
}
}

Migrate siteConfig to docusaurus.config.js

Rename siteConfig.js to docusaurus.config.js. In Docusaurus 2, we split each functionality (blog, docs, pages) into plugins for modularity. Presets are bundles of plugins and for backward compatibility we built a @docusaurus/preset-classic preset which bundles most of the essential plugins present in Docusaurus 1.

Add the following preset configuration to your docusaurus.config.js.

// docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
// ...
presets: [
[
'@docusaurus/preset-classic',
{
docs: {
// docs folder path relative to website dir.
path: '../docs',
// sidebars file relative to website dir.
sidebarPath: require.resolve('./sidebars.json'),
},
...
},
],
],
};

Refer to migration guide below for each field in siteConfig.js.

baseUrl, tagline, title, url, favicon, organizationName, projectName, githubHost, scripts, stylesheets

No actions needed.

colors

Deprecated. We wrote a custom CSS framework for Docusaurus 2 called Infima which uses CSS variables for theming. The docs are not quite ready yet and we will update here when it is. To overwrite Infima' CSS variables, create your own CSS file (e.g. ./src/css/custom.css) and import it globally by passing it as an option to @docusaurus/preset-classic:

// docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
// ...
presets: [
[
'@docusaurus/preset-classic',
{
theme: {
customCss: require.resolve('./src/css/custom.css'),
},
},
],
],
};

Infima uses 7 shades of each color. We recommend using ColorBox to find the different shades of colors for your chosen primary color.

/**
* /src/css/custom.css
* You can override the default Infima variables here.
* Note: this is not a complete list of --ifm- variables.
*/
:root {
--ifm-color-primary: #25c2a0;
--ifm-color-primary-dark: rgb(33, 175, 144);
--ifm-color-primary-darker: rgb(31, 165, 136);
--ifm-color-primary-darkest: rgb(26, 136, 112);
--ifm-color-primary-light: rgb(70, 203, 174);
--ifm-color-primary-lighter: rgb(102, 212, 189);
--ifm-color-primary-lightest: rgb(146, 224, 208);
}

footerIcon, copyright, ogImage, twitterImage, docsSideNavCollapsible

Site meta info such as assets, SEO, copyright info are now handled by themes. To customize them, use the themeConfig field in your docusaurus.config.js:

// docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
// ...
themeConfig: {
footer: {
logo: {
alt: 'Facebook Open Source Logo',
src: 'https://docusaurus.io/img/oss_logo.png',
href: 'https://opensource.facebook.com/',
},
copyright: `Copyright © ${new Date().getFullYear()} Facebook, Inc.`,
},
image: 'img/docusaurus.png',
// Equivalent to `docsSideNavCollapsible`
sidebarCollapsible: false,
// ...
},
};

headerIcon, headerLinks

In Docusaurus 1, header icon and header links were root fields in siteConfig:

headerIcon: 'img/docusaurus.svg',
headerLinks: [
{ doc: "doc1", label: "Getting Started" },
{ page: "help", label: "Help" },
{ href: "https://github.com/", label: "GitHub" },
{ blog: true, label: "Blog" },
],

Now, these two fields are both handled by the theme:

// docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
// ...
themeConfig: {
navbar: {
title: 'Docusaurus',
logo: {
alt: 'Docusaurus Logo',
src: 'img/docusaurus.svg',
},
links: [
{to: 'docs/doc1', label: 'Getting Started', position: 'left'},
{to: 'help', label: 'Help', position: 'left'},
{
href: 'https://github.com/',
label: 'GitHub',
position: 'right',
},
{to: 'blog', label: 'Blog', position: 'left'},
],
},
// ...
},
};

algolia

// docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
// ...
themeConfig: {
algolia: {
apiKey: '47ecd3b21be71c5822571b9f59e52544',
indexName: 'docusaurus-2',
algoliaOptions: { ... },
},
// ...
},
};

blogSidebarCount

Deprecated. Pass it as a blog option to @docusaurus/preset-classic instead:

// docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
// ...
presets: [
[
'@docusaurus/preset-classic',
{
blog: {
postsPerPage: 10,
},
// ...
},
],
],
};

cname

Deprecated. Create a CNAME file in your static folder instead with your custom domain. Files in the static folder will be copied into the root of the build folder during execution of the build command.

customDocsPath, docsUrl, editUrl, enableUpdateBy, enableUpdateTime

BREAKING: editUrl should point to (website) docusaurus project instead of docs directory.

Deprecated. Pass it as an option to @docusaurus/preset-classic docs instead:

// docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
// ...
presets: [
[
'@docusaurus/preset-classic',
{
docs: {
// Equivalent to `customDocsPath`.
path: 'docs',
// Equivalent to `editUrl` but should point to `website` dir instead of `website/docs`
editUrl: 'https://github.com/facebook/docusaurus/edit/master/website',
// Equivalent to `docsUrl`.
routeBasePath: 'docs',
// Remark and Rehype plugins passed to MDX. Replaces `markdownOptions` and `markdownPlugins`.
remarkPlugins: [],
rehypePlugins: [],
// Equivalent to `enableUpdateBy`.
showLastUpdateAuthor: true,
// Equivalent to `enableUpdateTime`.
showLastUpdateTime: true,
},
// ...
},
],
],
};

gaTrackingId

// docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
// ...
themeConfig: {
googleAnalytics: {
trackingID: 'UA-141789564-1',
},
// ...
},
};

gaGtag

// docusaurus.config.js
module.exports = {
// ...
themeConfig: {
gtag: {
trackingID: 'UA-141789564-1',
},
// ...
},
};

Removed fields

The following fields are all deprecated, you may remove from your configuration file.

  • blogSidebarTitle
  • cleanUrl - Clean URL is used by default now.
  • defaultVersionShown - Versioning is not ported yet. You'd be unable to migration to Docusaurus 2 if you are using versioning. Stay tuned.
  • disableHeaderTitle
  • disableTitleTagline
  • docsSideNavCollapsible is available at themeConfig.sidebarCollapsible, and this is turned on by default now.
  • facebookAppId
  • facebookComments
  • facebookPixelId
  • fonts
  • highlight - We now use Prism instead of highlight.js.
  • markdownOptions - We use MDX in v2 instead of Remarkable. Your markdown options have to be converted to Remark/Rehype plugins.
  • markdownPlugins - We use MDX in v2 instead of Remarkable. Your markdown plugins have to be converted to Remark/Rehype plugins.
  • manifest
  • noIndex
  • onPageNav - This is turned on by default now.
  • separateCss - It can imported in the same manner as custom.css mentioned above.
  • scrollToTop
  • scrollToTopOptions
  • translationRecruitingLink
  • twitter
  • twitterUsername
  • useEnglishUrl
  • users
  • usePrism - We now use Prism instead of highlight.js
  • wrapPagesHTML

We intend to implement many of the deprecated config fields as plugins in future. Help will be appreciated!

Migrate your sidebar

In previous version, nested sidebar category is not allowed and sidebar category can only contain doc id. However, v2 allows infinite nested sidebar and we have many types of Sidebar Item other than document.

You'll have to migrate your sidebar if it contains category type. Rename subcategory to category and ids to items.

{
- type: 'subcategory',
+ type: 'category',
label: 'My Example Subcategory',
+ items: ['doc1'],
- ids: ['doc1']
},

Delete footer file

website/core/Footer.js is no longer needed. If you want to modify the default footer provided by docusaurus, swizzle it:

yarn swizzle @docusaurus/theme-classic Footer

This will copy the current <Footer /> component used by the theme to a src/theme/Footer directory under the root of your site, you may then edit this component for customization.

Update your page files

Please refer to creating pages to learn how Docusaurus 2 pages work. After reading that, notice that you have to move pages/en files in v1 to src/pages instead.

CompLibrary is deprecated in v2, so you have to write your own React component or use Infima styles (Docs will be available soon, sorry about that! In the meanwhile, inspect the V2 website or view https://facebookincubator.github.io/infima/ to see what styles are available).

Update your docs

Update Markdown syntax to be MDX-compatible

In Docusaurus 2, the markdown syntax has been changed to MDX. Hence there might be some broken syntax in the existing docs which you would have to update. A common example is self-closing tags like <img> and <br> which are valid in HTML would have to be explicitly closed now ( <img/> and <br/>). All tags in MDX documents have to be valid JSX.

Language-specific Code Tabs

Refer to the multi-language support code blocks section.

Update blog

The Docusaurus frontmatter fields for the blog have been changed from camelCase to snake_case to be consistent with the docs.

The fields authorFBID and authorTwitter have been deprecated. They are only used for generating the profile image of the author which can be done via the author_image_url field.

Update .gitignore

The .gitignore in your website should contain:

# dependencies
/node_modules
# production
/build
# generated files
.docusaurus
.cache-loader
# misc
.DS_Store
.env.local
.env.development.local
.env.test.local
.env.production.local
npm-debug.log*
yarn-debug.log*
yarn-error.log*

Test your site

After migration, your folder structure should look like this:

my-project
├── docs
└── website
├── blog
├── src
│ ├── css
│ │ └── custom.css
│ └── pages
│ └── index.js
├── package.json
├── sidebars.json
├── .gitignore
├── docusaurus.config.js
└── static

Start the development server and fix any errors

cd website
yarn start

Update references to the build directory

In Docusaurus 1, all the build artifacts are located within website/build/<PROJECT_NAME>. However, in Docusaurus 2, it is now moved to just website/build. Make sure that you update your deployment configuration to read the generated files from the correct build directory.

If you are deploying to GitHub pages, make sure to run yarn deploy instead of yarn publish-gh-pages script.

Example migration PRs

You might want to refer to our migration PRs for Create React App and Flux as examples of how a migration for a basic Docusaurus v1 site can be done.

Support

For any questions, you can ask in the #docusaurus-1-to-2-migration Discord channel. Feel free to tag us (@yangshun and @endiliey) in any migration PRs if you would like us to have a look.

Last updated on by endiliey